Why we are against the 2010 Elections in Burma

Why we are against the 2010 Elections in Burma

Reason 1: The Nexus between the 2008 Constitution and 2010 Elections

The following are some of the main points of the new 2008 constitution drawn in the sham National Convention, which empowers the military to rule with abuse of power.

  1. The military would run the country under constitutionally legal pretense when the parliament term ends if a state of emergency effective throughout the entire nation is declared by the President.

  2. The constitution promises impunity for the military despite its commitment to the violation of human rights and crimes.
  3. The parliament cannot intervene in military budget.
  4. The military court has the final say on any crimes committed by the military; thus, the Supreme Court has no right to intervene.
  5. The National Defense and Security Council (NDSC), an irregular council in the Executive branch according to the unfair formation of the new constitution, has 11 seats including the President and at least un-elected 5 military personnel and can control all executive, legislative and judicial power.

The current constitution in Burma was written to fulfill the desire of the military authorities and forcefully enacted by the unjust means. The referendum for the draft of constitution was held on May 24, 2008. It was just after 22 days the cyclone Nargis devastated the delta area of Burma where more than 134,000 people died or missing and more than 2 million people were affected. The whole country was busy with the evacuation of the victims. So, millions of the people cannot vote.

That constitution does not for the benefit of the people but for the leaders of the military dictators. To ratify the constitution, the parliaments were needed. The 2010 election law and its related laws are unjust and deviated from the international standards.

Reason 2 : The 2010 Election Commission, the Election Laws and Regulations

(A)   The current military regime, State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) on March 8, 2010 formed a new Election Commission and dissolved the Election Commission founded in 1989.

  • The result of elections in 1990 patronized by The 1989 Election Commission was not yet recognized by the current military regime. Moreover, the dissolution of the 1989 Election Commission was done one-sidedly without prior notice nor consulting with the political parties founded according to the 1989 Political Parties Registration Law.
  • The members of newly formed Election Commission are selected persons of the SPDC.

(B)   The SPDC, which appointed the Election Commission itself, is regarded as widespread human rights violators by the international community. There are strong evidences of its violations in Burma. It shows that there is no guarantee for the democratic rights and it is hard to accept the 2010 election.

(C)   There are strict restrictions and suppressions in the election laws which do not match the democratic norms.

e.g. 1: chapter 6 paragraph 3 of the election law stated that   the prisoners cannot be a member of a political party.

e.g. 2: chapter 2, article 6 to 8 stated that the party to be registered as a political party must sign to abide by the Constitution of the Union of the Republic of Myanmar.

(To establish democracy in Burma, it is impossible for the political parties which have to represent the people to abide by the 2008 Constitution which was enacted without genuine will of the people.)

Reason 3 : Inability to call meaningful political dialogue

To solve the following issues, those who were regarded as political stake holders must start the meaningful dialogue. However, this kind of dialogue has never been materialized.

  • National reconciliation
  • Establishment of tripartite dialogue which was demanded by the United Nations General Assembly
  • 2008 Constitution
  • Neglecting 1990 election results
  • Deterioration of the judicial system and lack of rules of law
  • Lack of basic rights such as freedom of speech, expression, publishing, association, organizing
  • 2010 Election Laws

Reason 4 – Political prisoners still in prisons

More than 2000 political prisoners who have never committed any criminal law are still in prisons.

Reason 5 –Decision of National League for Democracy (NLD) not to take part in the elections

The NLD which won in 1990 election by a landslide decided not to register as a political party to take part in elections due to the reasons 1, 2 and 3 mentioned above. Moreover, the supporters from abroad and domestic for Shwe Gon Dine Declaration of the NLD do not accept the elections.

Note. The four demands of the NLD’s Shwe Gon Dine Declaration

  1. To review and amend the 2008 Constitution that does not comply with democratic norms
  2. To recognize the 1990 election results by any mean
  3. To dialogue
  4. To release political prisoners

Reason 6 – Lack of essential basic factors

Major political problems would still in exist if following factors are failed to be fulfilled and neglected by the SPDC.

1.        To establish the multi-party democratic political system

  • The NLD and other political parties must have the right to participate in election freely.
  • Political prisoners must be released unconditionally and free to participate in elections.

2.        The need of systematic program or plan recognized by the majority

  • There must be a Constitution written and recognized by the majority of the people.
  • The Election Commission and Election Laws must be recognized by the majority of the people or comply with the international election norms.

The democratization is the essential political process in Burma. It is not only the political ends of the people of Burma who have sacrificed blood, sweat, life but also the will of the international community. These processes must be in accordance with the internationally accepted democratic norms as follows.

  • To respect the will of the majority and recognize the will of the minority
  • Equality
  • To exercise the human rights freely
  • The judicial system to protect the people and genuine rule of law
  • Freedom of media
  • Free and just election commission

In the political process of the democratization, it is necessary to take account of the following factors.

  1. There must be a right for any citizen to be able to take part in political process freely.

  2. There must be a right for any political party having freedom to organize, participate or not to participate in elections.
  3. There should not be political prisoners and if so all of them must be released unconditionally
  4. There must be a free right to vote without harassment and coercing.
  5. The description of the voters list must be in accordance with the norms of international election or norms of election in democratic countries.
  6. Voters must have the right not to vote.
  7. The activities of the political parties must be according to the norms in the democratic countries
  8. The common aims of the political parties are to govern by the parliamentary democratic system. They have to encourage and consolidate the democracy with the well planned programs.
  9. The election commission should not be formed by the handpicked persons of the government. Instead it must be formed with the legal experts and intellectuals who were trusted by the people or in accordance with the United Nations recognized election norms or the democratic countries’ election norms.
  10. The members of the election commission must understand election related regulations especially from the democratic countries. They must be able to draw the election rules comply with the international standards.
  11. Election rules must be in line with the constitution. So also, the constitution itself must be drawn for the benefit of the people.

 

For these reasons, pro-democracy forces of Burma in Japan do not accept the election to be held by the current military regime.

 

2010 Election Boycott Committee (Japan)

…………………….

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About 2010 Election Boycott Committee (Japan)
၂ဝ၁ဝ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲ ဆန္႔က်င္ေရး ေကာ္မတီ (ဂ်ပန္)ကို ဂ်ပန္ႏိုင္ငံေရာက္ ျမန္မာ့ဒီမိုကေရစီ အင္အားစုမ်ားက ၂၉-၈-၂ဝ၁ဝ ေန႔မွာ တရားဝင္ စတင္ ဖြဲ႔စည္းခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္ကေတာ့ စစ္အာဏာရွင္ နအဖက လုပ္ေနတဲ့ ၂ဝ၁ဝ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲကို လူထုစြမ္းအားနဲ႔ ဆန္႔က်င္ရာမွာ ဂ်ပန္ကေန ပံ့ပိုးကူညီေပးဖို႔ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒီေကာ္မတီ သက္တမ္းဟာ ၂ဝ၁ဝ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲ ၿပီးတဲ့အထိ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

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